DRY SKIN: CAUSES AND HOME REMEDY

Ferheen Ali-

Dry skin is a very common skin condition which causes which causes small dry flakes and dry patches in the skin. One of the most common symptoms that appear on human body is itching. The itching and scratching caused by dry skin is irresistible. It is common in colder countries and in dry climates. Continuous scratching and itching may lead ti further complications like rashes, eczema and bacterial infections. It may also lead to skin darkening and thickening. Extremely dry skin can cause breaking of skin.

The main cause of dry skin is the lack of appropriate amount of water in the top most layer of skin; epidermis. The elderly are more prone to dry skin since their skin is diminished of amount of natural oils and lubricants. Specific areas of body like arms, hands, lower legs are more affected by dry skin than others. Skin dryness also gets affected by the dryness in the air, the humidity.

There are medications available for dry skin but there are many simple home remedies that help with dry skin. Some are listed below:

A Baking Soda Bath:
Baking soda can give an instant relief from itching and scratching of the skin. If you dissolve one cup of baking soda in your bath water and take bath from it will give you instant relief. You can also make a paste of baking soda and apply to regions that are more severely affected.

Lemon Juice:
Lemon juice can be directly applied to the dry skin area. It may sting but will give relief.

Oatmeal:
Oatmeal can cause soothing affect in the affected area. You can mix oatmeal with water and apply it to the skin. You can also add oatmeal to your bathing water.

Essential oils:
Many essential oils have soothing and anti- inflammatory properties that reliefs the itchy skin and alleviate irritations. Agrimony Oil, Basil oil, Bay leaf oil, Calendula Oil, Chamomile oil, Chickweed oil Clove oil, Geranium oil, Jewelweed Oil, Lavender oil, Neem oil, Peppermint oil, Posemary oil, Thyme oil are some of the essential oils that help with dry skin.

Cold Water:
Since itch travel through nerve fibers, cold water can be used to clog it. Cold water baths, ice packs or even ice baths can really help with the itching.

Oil Therapy:
Rub oils like olive oil, sesame oil in your hands and legs before shower. It helps with increasing the oil content of the skin.

Coconut Oil:
Dry skin affects the worst in heels, hands and elbows. And the condition worsens in winter. Applying coconut oil in these areas during winter overnight will help with soothing the skin. It improves the skin by next morning.

Coconut Milk:
It also works wonders with skin. Applying coconut oil overnight to the skin helps to increase the water content of the skin. It keeps the skin well hydrated.

Aloe Vera:
Aloe Vera is a good hydrant. Cut a piece of aloe and squeeze all the gel from it and apply it directly to the skin. It forms a protective layer over the pores and stops the germs from entering it. It leaves the skin tight and soft.

Honey and Milk:
Pour some milk in a bowl and apply it over the itching skin with the help of a dry cloth. Milk has anti- inflammatory properties that help with the itching. Milk has a very soothing effect on the dry skin. A milk bath once in a while will also help.
Lightly heat honey lukewarm and apply it on skin. Leave if for 15 minutes and then wash it off. Honey helps with locking moisture and has many anti-bacterial and anti- inflammatory effect.

Bee wax:
For people suffering from eczema or psoriasis, a combination of honey, olive oil, and beeswax can provide significant benefit. Combine equal parts of raw (unprocessed) honey, beeswax, and olive oil. Melt the beeswax in a small pan over low heat, stirring occasionally. Once melted, remove it from the heat and mix in the honey, then the olive oil, stir the mixture until well blended. While the mixture is still warm, pour it into an airtight container and store in the refrigerator. The mixture should keep for up to three months. A few drops of vitamin E oil (from a gel cap) can be added to each batch for longer shelf life, and to enhance its healing properties. Applying this mixture regularly can help with the dry skin and irritation. It will be reduced significantly .